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Higher education in India Vs US

"Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair...In almost half the districts in the country, higher education enrollments are abysmally low, almost two-third of our universities and 90 per cent of our colleges are rated as below average on quality parameters... I am concerned that in many states university appointments, including that of vice-chancellors, have been politicised and have become subject to caste and communal considerations, there are complaints of favouritism and corruption" - Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India

The above mentioned concern of our Prime Minister highlights the state of higher education in India. Due to many loopholes in our education system, many students find foreign education much more appealing.

Are you unable to make up your mind as to whether to go for Higher education in India or in USA?

Then, the following comparative study can help you make up your mind.

Quality of education

Indian education system is inherently a theoretical system of education. In all the examinations and tests, memorizing power of the student is tested. This is true for all the levels of education right from primary school till higher education. Very little stress is given to practical applications and practical oriented education.

US education system, where a much more practical oriented approach is followed, open book tests, oral exams and other types of tests are taken for judging the students. The syllabus and curriculum are frequently updated in US to keep up with the latest social and technological developments in the society. If you look at the Indian syllabi, hardly any changes are made. Simple reprints are made without any major modification or reforms.

Quality of teachers

Indian culture gives the highest respect to teachers, even more than what is given to parents. But when it comes to job preference, teaching is the very last profession that a person would choose in India. The primary reason for this is the meager salaries of teachers in India. At the primary and secondary level of education, teachers have very less salaries and hence, there is a huge lack of quality teachers at the basic level. Even at the higher educational level, very few people prefer teaching as a career option in India.

Every teacher in US, right from Kindergarten till post-graduation, gains immense respect and equal salary packages if not more. In fact the professors of universities earn a lot more than their employee counterparts. Since the professors receive funds for research activities from the Government, teaching is a job of responsibility in US. Teaching is considered a very lucrative profession in US.

Infrastructure and Funds Comparison

Indian schools and Universities lack quality infrastructure. If we compare the infrastructure, laboratories, workshops, computer centres and other facilities in Indian and US Universities, there is a huge difference. US Universities never compromise on the quality of infrastructure and provide the best labs and facilities to their students. In India, priority is not given to build and maintain quality infrastructure. Hence there is lack of state of the art labs in India. Our instruments and components never work. Water and electricity problems are very common in Indian schools and Universities.

Admission process comparison

There is no single entrance examination for higher education in India. For IITs, NITs and other technical institutes, the all India exam GATE is considered. Apart from this, many other institutes like IIITs, BITS, etc. conduct their own entrance exams. For other less reputed institutes, admissions are based solely on an interview where if one is ready to pay donation, he gets admission. For management based courses, again there are dozens of entrance exams like CAT, SNAP, XAT, etc and a student has to travel and apply to each and every Institute separately. In US, for technical courses one has to take the GRE and for management courses GMAT. No other entrance exam is required. All the US Universities consider these test scores for admissions. Also, the admission in US Universities is based on the complete profile of the applicant and not just his test scores. Academic record from high school, recommendation letters, GRE/GMAT score, statement of purpose all have equal importance when considering admission. In India, admission is based purely on GATE marks for initial screening in most Universities.

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